Corporate Governance

Japanese

Corporate Governance Report (last update : Nov 17, 2017) (1.0MB)

Basic Policies on Corporate Governance

  • In line with its Corporate Philosophy (Mission), MS&AD, as a holding company overseeing all group businesses, has established a management framework that ensures transparent, fair, swift and decisive decision-making that takes into account the standpoint of all stakeholders. The Company's objectives are to sustain stability and consistent growth over the long term by using corporate resources efficiently and managing risks properly and ultimately, to further increase enterprise value.
  • To this end, the “MS&AD Insurance Group Corporate Philosophy (Mission), Corporate Vision, and Values” were formulated as something all officers and employees of the Group should adhere to in all situations. In addition to working to disseminate these principles among all officers and employees of the Company and its Group companies, corporate governance, compliance, and risk management are positioned as important management issues in the medium-term management plan, and efforts shall be made to actively promote that plan.

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Corporate Governance Stance

  • As a company with a Audit & Supervisory Board, the Company will endeavor to improve governance by ensuring that independently appointed Audit & Supervisory Board Members appropriately act in their auditing functions, in addition to ensuring that the Board of Directors appropriately acts in its oversight functions, while strengthening the functions of each and actively disclosing information.
  • The Company has formed the Governance Committee (made up of all outside directors, the Chairman of the Board and the President) in addition to the Nomination Committee and Remuneration Committee (a majority of the members and a chairperson each have been appointed from among the Outside Directors) as internal committees of the Board of Directors, thus building a highly effective and transparent corporate governance system.
  • The Company has introduced an executive officer system and is proceeding to delegate authority over business execution to these executive officers to ensure swift execution.

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Supervision System (Board of Directors)

Role of the Board of Directors

  • In addition to matters specified by law and the Articles of Incorporation, the Board of Directors discusses and decides upon important matters involving Group management strategy and corporate management, including the Group's management policies, management strategies and capital policy, in addition to overseeing the duties of directors and executive officers.
  • The Board of Directors allocates management resources according to risk appetite controlled with a balance of risk, return and capital, and aims to increase enterprise value in the medium-to-long term by achieving sustainable growth and improvement in earnings and capital efficiency with a foundation of soundness.
  • In addition to appointing executive officers, the Board of Directors aims to separate management decision making and oversight by the Board of Directors from business execution by executive officers by clarifying their respective roles.
  • Executive officers are responsible for executing business in the respective areas of business entrusted to them by the Board of Directors, and report on the status of business execution to the Board of Directors.

Composition of the Board of Directors

More than one-third of the Board of Directors which has eleven members (nine men and two women) are nominated as Outside Directors to incorporate perspectives independent from management, strengthen monitoring and oversight functions, and conduct highly transparent management. We take into consideration overall balance of the Board of Directors in terms of expertise, experience, and capabilities of Directors and strive to ensure diversity, including that of gender. Please refer to Policies on the Board of Directors' Overall Balance of Expertise, Experience, Capabilities, Diversity, and Scale below.

Expected Roles of Outside Directors

Outside Directors are expected to perform the following roles:

  • Provision of advice from a broad perspective on management policies and management improvement based on their knowledge and experience, with the aim of promoting sustainable corporate growth and increasing enterprise value over the medium-to-long term
  • Supervising of management through important decision making at the board level
  • Monitoring of conflicts of interest between the Company and related parties such as management* and/or major shareholders
  • Realizing supervising from a standpoint independent of management by fulfilling accountability for stakeholders, including shareholders
  • * Collectively refers to the directors, Audit & Supervisory Board Members, and executive officers of the Company and domestic insurance companies in the Group in which the Company has a direct investment.

Committees Comprised Mainly of Outside Directors / Providing Opportunities for Opinion Exchanges

Aiming to enable Outside Directors to engage freely in constructive discussions and opinion exchanges, we have formed the following committee and meetings.

  • Governance Committee (meets about twice a year)
  • Outside Directors Council
  • Outside Directors and Outside Audit & Supervisory Board Members Joint Council

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Support Systems for Outside Directors and Outside Audit & Supervisory Board Members

Support for the activities of the Outside Directors is provided by the Corporate Planning Department, and support for the Outside Audit & Supervisory Board Members is supplied by the Internal Audit Department. The agenda for the Board of Directors' Meetings is explained to the Outside Directors and Outside Audit & Supervisory Board Members in advance of the meetings by the Corporate Planning Department, which acts as the secretariat for the Board of Directors. In addition, information, such as important risk information, is reported on an ongoing basis to all Directors and Audit & Supervisory Board Members, internal and external.

Support Systems for Directors and Audit & Supervisory Board Members / Training Policy

The Company has the following systems in place as required for Directors and Audit & Supervisory Board Members to effectively fulfill their roles and responsibilities:

  • (1) The Company has assigned a person in the secretariat of the Board of Directors to each of the Outside Directors and Outside Audit & Supervisory Board Members (hereinafter referred to as “Outside Officers”) to provide support in areas such as providing briefings in advance.
  • (2) The Company has established a system for ongoing provision of information and training at the time of appointment and during the term of Directors and Audit & Supervisory Board Members.
  • (3) The Company provides appropriate opportunities for Outside Officers to share information and exchange opinions with management and senior employees.
  • (4) The Company bears the expenses required to enable Outside Officers to fulfill their roles.

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Auditing

Audit & Supervisory Board Members and Audit & Supervisory Board

  • 1. Responsibilities of Audit & Supervisory Board Members
    As an independent entity entrusted with authority by the shareholders, the Audit & Supervisory Board Members are responsible for ensuring the sound and sustainable growth of the Company, and establishing good corporate governance in response to the public trust by supervising the performance of duties of the Directors.
  • 2. Authority and Roles of Audit & Supervisory Board Members
    Each Audit & Supervisory Board Member shall appropriately exercise his/her legal investigating authority, including the authority to audit operations and assets, and supervises the performance of duties of the Directors by attending meetings of the Board of Directors and other important meetings, viewing important approval documents, investigating departments within the Company, and investigating subsidiaries in accordance with the auditing policies and plans stipulated by the Audit & Supervisory Board.
  • 3. Composition and Roles of the Audit & Supervisory Board
  • The Audit & Supervisory Board comprises two Audit & Supervisory Board Members (Full-time) and two Outside Audit & Supervisory Board Members, for a total of four members (two men and two women). Candidates for Audit & Supervisory Board Member are nominated by the Board of Directors with the approval of the Audit & Supervisory Board, based on the “Criteria for the Selection of Director Candidates and Audit & Supervisory Board Member Candidates”.
  • The Audit & Supervisory Board receives reports from Audit & Supervisory Board Members on the status of performance of duties and reports from officers and employees on important matters related to auditing, and also makes decisions regarding auditing policies and auditing plans.

Internal Auditing

  • The Company has established the “MS&AD Insurance Group Basic Policy for Internal Audits.” Under this basic policy, the Company and domestic Group insurance companies have formed the Internal Audit Department that acts as an independent body with auditing functions.
  • The Company's Internal Audit Department has been established as an organization to report directly to the Board of Directors. The General Manager of the Internal Audit Department (General Manager of the Audit Department) shall report important matters that have been discovered as a result of internal audits of the Company and domestic Group insurance companies to the Board of Directors and the Group Management Committee. In addition, the Internal Audit Department cooperates with auditing conducted by the Audit & Supervisory Board Members.

Accounting Auditors

  • The Company has appointed KPMG AZSA LLC as its independent audit corporation. Please note that there are no special conflicts of interest between this company and MS&AD Holdings.
  • The Board of Directors and the Audit & Supervisory Board endeavor to take appropriate action to ensure adequate auditing by the Accounting Auditors.
  • The Audit & Supervisory Board makes decisions regarding proposals submitted to the General Shareholders' Meeting on the appointment or dismissal of Accounting Auditors. It also has the right to consent to decisions regarding remuneration of the Accounting Auditors.
  • The Audit & Supervisory Board prepares criteria for appropriately selecting and evaluating Accounting Auditor. To promote appropriate accounting by the Accounting Auditors, measures are taken to confirm the independence, specialist capabilities, and other requisite characteristics of the Accounting Auditors.

Accounting Auditor Remuneration

(¥ million)

Scope FY2015 FY2016
Compensation for
audit services
Compensation for
non-audit services
Compensation for
audit services
Compensation for
non-audit services
The Company 49 11 55 19
Consolidated
subsidiaries
338 40 374 31
Total 387 52 429 51
  • * Regarding the content of non-audit services for which the Company paid compensation to the accounting auditor, in fiscal 2015 and 2016, these included expert guidance and advisory services towards the application of IFRS.

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Nomination and Remuneration

For the purpose of maintaining high transparency, the Company has formed the Nomination Committee and Remuneration Committee as internal committees of the Board of Directors. Please note that these two committees comprise six members each, and the chairpersons and other members are appointed from among members of the Board of Directors. With respect to each of the two committees, a majority of the members and the chairperson have been appointed from among the Outside Directors.

Nomination Committee (Nomination Process)

  • The Nomination Committee deliberates on major management personnel matters and provides advice on these matters to the Board of Directors. Such matters include the selection of candidates for the positions of Director, Audit & Supervisory Board Member, and Executive Officer of the Company as well as the selection of Directors and Audit & Supervisory Board Members for domestic insurance companies in which the Company has direct investments.
  • With respect to the evaluation of candidates for Director and candidates for Executive Officer, evaluation items include performance evaluations (corporate performance and personal performance) and other items.
  • The Board of Directors appoints candidates for Director as well as candidates for Audit & Supervisory Board Member and Executive Officers based on advice from the Nomination Committee. The consent of the Audit & Supervisory Board must be obtained for candidates for Audit & Supervisory Board Member. In fiscal 2017, the Committee had seven members made up of all five outside directors, the Chairman of the Board and the President.
  • From the perspective of making effective discussions to strengthen corporate governance at the Nomination Committee, policy for selecting candidates for Directors and Audit & Supervisory Board Members is added to the deliberation items. It has been clarified that the Nomination Committee shall meet at least once a year.
  • In fiscal 2016, the Nomination Committee met five times, and held a discussion on the selection of candidates for outside officers.

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Remuneration Committee

  • This committee advises the Board of Directors regarding the remuneration of Directors and Executive Officers of the Company as well as the remuneration systems for management of domestic insurance companies in which the Company has direct investments.
  • From the perspective of making effective discussions to strengthen corporate governance at the Remuneration Committee, policy for remuneration of Directors and Executive Officers is added to the deliberation items. It has been clarified that the Remuneration Committee shall meet at least once a year.
  • In fiscal 2016, the Remuneration Committee met three times.

Remuneration Determination Processes

1. Amount of Directors' Remuneration

(1) Determination Processes

Remuneration for each Director is set within overall limits approved by the Shareholders' Meeting. Consideration is given to the function of remuneration as an incentive for improvement in performance, long-term contribution to corporate profits and enterprise value, the level of compensation appropriate for competitiveness as a global corporation, and other factors. To ensure transparency, the Remuneration Committee, which is composed of a majority of Outside Directors, considers remuneration amounts, and the final decisions are made by the Board of Directors. The Remuneration Committee deliberates on the policy on remuneration for the Company's Directors and Executive Officers. The Board of Directors respects the advice of the Remuneration Committee to the maximum extent.

(2) Composition of Remuneration

Remuneration for Directors (excluding Outside Directors) consists of fixed compensation and performance-based remuneration.
a. Fixed compensation (monetary compensation): Approx. 70%
b. Performance-based remuneration: Approx. 30%

  • Performance-based remuneration consists of the following:

    • (a) Portion linked with the Company's performance
      To be determined based on the Group Core Profit (note), consolidated net income and other performance indices
      • (ⅰ) Stock-compensation-type stock options (Please refer to [Incentives] above.)
      • (ⅱ) Portion of monetary compensation
    • (b) Portion linked with individual performance

Outside Directors receive fixed compensation (monetary compensation) only because they are independent from business execution.

Note: Group Core Profit is the MS&AD Insurance Group's own profitability index. It is calculated by the following formula.

Group Core Profit  = consolidated net income
- net capital gains/losses on stock portfolio (gains/losses from sale)
- net evaluation gains/losses on credit derivatives
- other incidental factors*
+ equity in earnings of the non-consolidated Group companies

* Incidental factors include amortization of goodwill relating to acquisitions and intangible fixed assets

(3) Maximum Total Compensation

As a result of decisions made by the Shareholders' Meeting, maximum total annual compensation for Directors (excluding any salaries for work performed by Directors concurrently in employee positions) is set at ¥500 million (including a total allocation of ¥60 million for Outside Directors). With a separate framework, the remuneration of Directors (excluding Outside Directors) includes “stock acquisition rights as stock compensation-type stock options” with a maximum value of ¥60 million per year.

2. Amount of Audit & Supervisory Board Members Remuneration

(1) Determination Processes

Remuneration for Audit & Supervisory Board Members is set within overall limits approved by the Shareholders' Meeting. Consideration is given to whether Audit & Supervisory Board Members are full-time or part-time, their share of the auditing activities, and the content and level of remuneration of Directors. Decisions on remuneration levels are decided in discussions among the Audit & Supervisory Board Members.

(2) Composition of Compensation

Audit & Supervisory Board Members receive fixed compensation (monetary compensation) only because they are independent from business execution.

(3) Maximum Total Compensation

As a result of decisions made by the Shareholders' Meeting, maximum total compensation for Audit & Supervisory Board Members is set at ¥110 million.

Performance-Based Remuneration and Stock Option System

  • The Company has introduced performance-based remuneration (linked to corporate and personal performance) into its corporate officer remuneration system.
  • From fiscal 2015, the Company has introduced stock options as stock-based compensation so that the Company’s directors (excluding outside directors) share not only the benefit of a rising share price, but also share the risk of share price fluctuations with our shareholders. The system involves replacing a portion of performance-based monetary remuneration with stock options provided as stock-based compensation (allotment of stock acquisition rights).
  • The Company introduced same system as mentioned above and replaced a portion of performance-based monetary remuneration with stock options as stock-based compensation (allotment of stock acquisition rights) for the Company’s executive officers and the directors (excluding Outside Directors) and executive officers of Group domestic insurance companies in which the Company has direct investments (the timing of the grants varies by company).

Directors' and Audit & Supervisory Board Members' Remuneration

Total Amount of Remuneration by Directors/Audit & Supervisory Board Members Category, and the Number of Recipients (fiscal 2016)

Category Number Total Remuneration (¥ million)
Directors (excluding Outside Directors) 10 224
Audit & Supervisory Board Members (excluding Outside Audit & Supervisory Board Members) 2 51
Outside Directors/Audit & Supervisory Board Members 8 73

(Note) The total remuneration figures are the portion of the Company. All remuneration is total amount of basic remuneration and stock option.

Persons with consolidated Remuneration (including remuneration for corporate officer posts at main subsidiaries, etc.) of ¥100 Million or More (fiscal 2016)

Name Corporate Officer Posts Company Total consolidated remuneration, etc. (¥ million)
Yasuyoshi Karasawa Director The Company 110
Director MSI
Noriyuki Hara Director The Company 106
Director MSI

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Criteria for the Selection and Independence of Outside Directors and Outside Audit & Supervisory Board Members

  • 1. Policies on the Board of Directors' Overall Balance of Expertise, Experience, Capabilities, Diversity, and Scale
  • Four of the eleven Directors (nine men and two women) and two of the four Audit & Supervisory Board Members (2 men and 2 women) have been appointed from outside the Company to incorporate perspectives independent from management, strengthen monitoring and oversight functions, and conduct highly transparent management. Please note that there are no concerns that the interests of these Outside Directors and Outside Audit & Supervisory Board Members of the various companies will be in conflict, in terms of human, capital, transactions, or other relationships, with the interests of shareholders in general. These Directors and Audit & Supervisory Board Members are independent, and their names as independent outside officers have been filed with the Tokyo Stock Exchange Co., Ltd., and Nagoya Stock Exchange Co., Ltd.
  • Outside Director candidates must satisfy the eligibility requirements as defined in the Companies Act and the Insurance Business Act. In addition, with the goal of selecting candidates able to accurately and fairly supervise the overall management of insurance companies, candidates are selected based on consideration of specialized expertise such as that stemming from experience working as a government administration officer, general business company corporate officer, lawyer, and academic as well as specialized expertise regarding social, cultural, and consumer issues.
  • Director candidates other than Outside Director candidates must meet legal eligibility requirements. In addition, with the goal of selecting candidates able to accurately and fairly supervise the overall management of insurance companies, candidates are selected based on consideration of specialized expertise, such as that stemming from extensive experience working as a manager in an insurance company as well as on consideration of varied experience, highly specialized experience, and the ability to exercise leadership in accordance with the Company's corporate philosophy.
  • At least one candidate for Audit & Supervisory Board Member must have sufficient knowledge of accounting or finance.
  • 2. Criteria for the Selection of Director Candidates and Audit & Supervisory Board Member Candidates and Criteria for Determining the Independence of Outside Corporate Officers
  • Outside Director candidates must satisfy the eligibility requirements as defined in the Companies Act and the Insurance Business Act. In addition, with the goal of selecting candidates able to accurately and fairly supervise the overall management of insurance companies, candidates are selected based on consideration of specialized expertise such as that stemming from experience working as a finance-related government administration officer, general business company corporate officer, lawyer, and academic as well as specialized expertise regarding social, cultural, and consumer issues.
  • Director candidates other than Outside Director candidates must meet legal eligibility requirements. In addition, with the goal of selecting candidates able to accurately and fairly supervise the overall management of insurance companies, candidates are selected based on consideration of specialized expertise, such as that stemming from extensive experience working as a manager in an insurance company as well as on consideration of varied experience, highly specialized experience, and the ability to exercise leadership in accordance with the Company's corporate philosophy.
  • In addition, the Company has instituted the “Criteria for the Selection of Director Candidates and Audit & Supervisory Board Member Candidates” below. The determination of “independence” when selecting Outside Director candidates is undertaken in accordance with the criteria described in section “1. (3) Independence” below.

Criteria for the Selection of Director Candidates and Audit & Supervisory Board Member Candidates

1. Outside director candidates and outside Audit & Supervisory Board Member candidates

Candidates must meet the following requirements.

  • Must not be disqualified from serving as a director or Audit & Supervisory Board Member pursuant to the Companies Act.
  • Must not be disqualified from serving as a director or Audit & Supervisory Board Member of an insurance holding company pursuant to the Insurance Business Act.
  • Must have a sufficient level of public credibility.
  • An outside Audit & Supervisory Board Member must satisfy the eligibility requirements for a Audit & Supervisory Board Member pursuant to the Insurance Business Act.

Additionally, candidates must satisfy the following three requirements

(1) Eligibility

A candidate must have the qualities listed below that are necessary to monitor the overall management of the company and provide advice, based on a general knowledge of company management and a basic understanding of the roles of the directors and board of directors.

  • Ability to discern facts from materials and reports
  • Capability to detect problems and risks and apply own knowledge to solve them
  • Capacity to appropriately monitor business strategy and provide advice
  • Mental independence to openly question, debate, re-examine, continuously deliberate, and propose ideas in opposition to a resolution

(2) Expertise

Must have knowledge in a specialized field such as management, accounting, finance, law, administration, or social/cultural affairs, and have a record of achievement in that field.

(3) Independence

The following persons are ineligible.

  • [1] An executing person of the Company or a subsidiary of the Company.
  • [2] A director or Audit & Supervisory Board Member of a subsidiary of the Company.
  • [3] A person for whom the Company is a major business partner (i.e. a person who received payments from the Company or subsidiaries of the Company that represent 2% or more of annual consolidated sales for the most recent fiscal year), or an executing person thereof (in the case of a consulting firm, auditing firm or law firm, a consultant, accounting professional, or legal professional who belongs to said corporation, partnership, etc.).
  • [4] A major business partner of the Company (i.e. a person who made payments to subsidiaries of the Company representing 2% or more of the Company consolidated direct premiums written excluding deposit premium from policy holders for the most recent fiscal year), or an executing person thereof.
  • [5] Any of the Company's top 10 largest shareholders (or, if the shareholder is a corporation, an executing person thereof).
  • [6] An executing person of a company to which the Company or a subsidiary of the Company has appointed a director.
  • [7] A consultant, accounting professional, or legal professional who has received, other than officer compensation, average cash or other financial benefits of at least 10 million yen per year for the past three years from the Company or subsidiaries of the Company.
  • [8] A person falling under any of the items [2] through [7] during the past five years.
    (Note) “During the past five years” means five years from the time the content of a proposal to the General Shareholders Meeting to elect the outside director or outside Audit & Supervisory Board Member was resolved by the Board of Directors.
  • [9] An individual who was an executing person of the Company or subsidiaries of the Company in the past (in the case of an outside Audit & Supervisory Board Member, including an individual who has been a director of the Company or a subsidiary of the Company.)
  • [10] A spouse or second-degree or closer relative of a person listed in items [1] through [9] above (an executing person means an executive director, executive officer or an employee in a position of general manager or higher.)

(4) Term limits

The total terms of office for newly elected outside directors and outside Audit & Supervisory Board Members from April 1, 2015 onwards are as listed below.

  • [1] For outside directors, the expectation is 4 terms, 4 years, renewable for a maximum of 8 terms, 8 years.
  • [2] For outside Audit & Supervisory Board Members, in principle the total term is 1 term, 4 years, but this is renewable for a maximum of 2 terms, 8 years.

2. Candidates for director other than outside director and candidates for Audit & Supervisory Board Member other than outside Audit & Supervisory Board Member
Candidates must meet the following requirements.

  • Must not be disqualified from serving as a director or Audit & Supervisory Board Member pursuant to the Companies Act.
  • Must not be disqualified from serving as a director or Audit & Supervisory Board Member of an insurance holding company pursuant to the Insurance Business Act.
  • Must satisfy the eligibility requirements for a director or Audit & Supervisory Board Member who engages in daily business at an insurance company pursuant to the Insurance Business Act.

Additionally, a candidate must have varied experience as well as highly specialized experience and must embody our corporate philosophy in the exercise of leadership.

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Appointment of Outside Directors and Outside Audit & Supervisory Board Members and Related Matters

Outside Directors

Name Date of
Selection
Reason for Selection Attendance at Board of
Directors Meetings*
Akira Watanabe April 2010 Mr. Akira Watanabe is well versed in the field of the Companies Act as an attorney-at-law and has a wealth of experience gained through his service as a trustee of companies subject to reorganization proceedings. He has been stating opinions at meetings of the Company's Board of Directors and on other occasions based on his knowledge and experience. We appointed him as Outside Director in order to continue reflecting his knowledge and experience in the management of the Company. 12 of 13 meetings
Daiken Tsunoda April 2010 Mr. Daiken Tsunoda has a wealth of knowledge and experience concerning overall corporate legal affairs as an attorney-at-law. He has been stating opinions at meetings of the Company's Board of Directors and on other occasions based on his knowledge and experience. We appointed him as Outside Director in order to continue reflecting his knowledge and experience in the management of the Company. 12 of 13 meetings
Mari Matsunaga June 2012 Ms. Mari Matsunaga was a chief editor of magazines and was involved in planning and development of new services at NTT DOCOMO, INC. She has been stating opinions at meetings of the Company's Board of Directors and on other occasions based on her broad knowledge and experience concerning society, culture, consumer lifestyles, and other areas. We appointed her as Outside Director in order to continue reflecting her knowledge and experience in the management of the Company. 12 of 13 meetings
Mariko Bando
(Newly appointed)
June 2017 Ms. Mariko Bando previously served as Director General of Gender Equality Bureau of the Cabinet Office etc. and currently serves as President of Showa Women's University. She has broad knowledge and a wealth of experience in public administration and education, as well as wide insight into promotion of diversity. We appointed her Outside Director in order to reflect her expertise in the management of the Company. -

* The number of Board of Directors' meetings attended during fiscal 2016.

Outside Audit & Supervisory Board Members

Name Date of
Selection
Reason for Selection Attendance at Board of Directors/
Audit & Supervisory Board Members
Kunio Chiyoda June 2016 Mr. Kunio Chiyoda is an expert in accounting and auditing and has served as a university professor and a member of a public institution. We appointed him as Outside Audit & Supervisory Board Member to reflect his wealth of knowledge and experience in the management of the Company. Board of Directors meetings:
11 of 11
Audit & Supervisory Board meetings:
11 of 11
Kyoko Uemura
(Newly appointed)
June 2017 Ms. Kyoko Uemura is a legal expert. She previously served as a judge and practices law as an attorney-at-law. We appointed her Outside Audit & Supervisory Board Member to reflect her wealth of knowledge and experience in the management of the Company. -

* The number of Board of Directors' meetings and Audit & Supervisory Board meetings attended during fiscal 2016.

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Corporate Governance Report (last update : Nov 17, 2017) (1.0MB)
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